Education in West Bengal
IIT - Kharagpur
Education in West Bengal is provided by both the public sector as well as the private sector. The modern education system was developed by the British missionaries and the Indian social reformists. West Bengal has many reputed institutes of higher education like - Indian Institute of Management Calcutta (the first IIM), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, Indian Statistical Institute, Visva-Bharati University and Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur.
History

Kolkata has played a pioneering role in the development of the modern education system in India. Western models of education came to India through Kolkata. Many of the first schools and colleges were established by the missionaries and reformists. Sir William Jones (philologist) established the Asiatic Society in 1784 for promoting oriental studies. People like Ram Mohan Roy, David Hare, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Shashi Bhusan Chatterjee, and William Carey played a leading role in the setting up of modern schools and colleges in the city. The Fort William College was established in 1800. The Hindu College was established in 1817. In 1855 the Hindu College was renamed as the Presidency College.

Jadavpur University
Bengal Engineering & Science University

William Carey established the Serampore College, Serampore (20 km from Calcutta) in 1819. It went on to become India's first modern university in 1827 when it was incorporated by a Royal Charter as a Danish University. Although it had the charter, it was not technically a university in the modern sense of that term.The Sanskrit College was established in 1824. Reverend Alexander Duff of the Church of Scotland established the General Assembly's Institution in 1830 and later the Free Church Institution in 1844, which were later merged to form what is now known as the Scottish Church College, Calcutta. These institutions played a significant role in what came to be known as the Young Bengal Movement and the

Bengal Renaissance. La Martiniere Calcutta was established in 1836. John Bethune established a school for Indian girls in 1850 at a time when women's education was frowned upon in the society. The Bethune College for girls was set up by him in 1879.

The oldest medical school in Asia, the Calcutta Medical College was set up in 1835. In 1857, the University of Calcutta was established as the first full fledged multi-disciplinary university in south Asia. It was modeled on the lines of the University of London. Today it is amongst the largest multidisciplinary universities of India and offers some of the widest number of academic disciplines for study. In 1856 technical and engineering education came with the establishment of a civil engineering college / department. This setup went through various reorganizations to finally become the Bengal Engineering College in 1921. The Jesuit administered St Xavier's College was established in 1860. In 1906, the partition of

Calcutta University

Bengal led to widespread nationalistic and anti British feelings. This led to the setting up of the National Council of Education, Bengal. This later on became the Jadavpur University in 1955. The nation's first homeopathy college was established in the city in 1880. In 1883 Kadambini Ganguly and Chandramukhi Basu became the first women graduates from the University of Calcutta.In the process, they became the first female graduates of the British Empire. Kadambini went on to become the first female physician trained in the Western system of medicine in South Asia. The Science College was established in 1917. The first blind school came into being in 1925.

Presidency University

After independence, Calcutta continued to be in the forefront of the educational scene. The Government College of Art & Craft was established in 1951. The Rabindra Bharati University was established in 1962. This university offers courses in the fine and performing arts. The Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management was set up in 1953 as the country's first management institute and is also the first in the country to offer an MBA degree of a university. The first, Indian Institute of Technology was set up at Kharagpur about 120 km from Calcutta. In 1960 the Regional Engineering college (presently National Institute of Technology) at Durgapur was set up. It is amongst the top NITs in

India and also among the oldest. Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, the first among the prestigious Indian Institutes of Management, was set up in 1961 at Joka. It was the first national institute for post-graduate studies and research in management sciences. It was established with the help of the MIT Sloan School of Management and the Ford Foundation.

 
Structure
West Bengal schools are run by the state government or by private organisations, including religious institutions. Instruction is mainly in English or Bengali, though Urdu is also used, especially in Central Kolkata. The secondary schools are affiliated with the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), the National Institute of Open School (NIOS) or the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education. Under the 10+2+3 plan, after completing secondary school, students typically enroll for 2 years in a junior college, also known as pre-university, or in schools with a higher secondary facility affiliated with the West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education or any central board. Students choose from one of three streams, namely liberal arts, commerce or science. Upon completing the required coursework, students may enroll in general or professional degree programs.
St. Xaviers College
 
Major universities
In West Bengal there are one central university, twenty state universities and one deemed university.
Universities of West Bengal
University Location Type Established Specialization
Aliah University Kolkata State 2007 General
Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur Shibpur State 2004 Technology
Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya Haringhata State 1974 Agriculture
Jadavpur University Kolkata State 1955 General
Netaji Subhas Open University Kolkata State 1997 Distance Education
Presidency University, Kolkata Kolkata State 2010 General
Rabindra Bharati University Kolkata State 1962 General
Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University Belur Deemed 2005 General
Sidho Kanho Birsha University Purulia State 2010 General
University of Burdwan Bardhaman State 1960 General
University of Calcutta Kolkata State 1857 General
University of Gour Banga Malda State 2007 General
University of Kalyani Kalyani State 1960 General
University of North Bengal Siliguri State 1962 General
Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Cooch Behar State 2001 Agriculture
Vidyasagar University Medinipur State 1981 General
Visva-Bharati University Santiniketan Central 1951 General
West Bengal State University Barasat State 2007 General
West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences Kolkata State 2004 Legal
West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences Kolkata State 1995 Veterinary science
West Bengal University of Health Sciences Kolkata State 2002 Medical
West Bengal University of Technology Kolkata State 2001 Technology
 
Research Institutes
Research Institutes of West Bengal
Institute Location Established Specialization
Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics Kolkata 1950 Science
Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science Kolkata 1876 Science
S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences Kolkata 1986 Science
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata 2006 Science
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur 1951 Science and Technology
Bose Institute Kolkata 1917 Science
Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre Kolkata Science
Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute Kolkata 1950 Science and Technology
Indian Institute of Chemical Biology Kolkata 1935 Science
Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute Durgapur 1958 Science and Technology
Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute Kolkata 1959 Science
National Institute of Biomedical Genomics Kalyani 2010 Science
Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers Kolkata Science and Technology
Indian Statistical Institute Kolkata 1931 Science
Indian Centre for Space Physics Kolkata 1999 Science
National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology Kolkata 1938 Science and Technology
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